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ASTHMA

Key Vocabulary for Asthma Articles1 and 2: click to hear the words 

 Activities to verify and solidify key vocabulary: matching, multiple choice, crossword

Use this dictionary if necessary.

Listen to Article 1 and then answer the questions or listen and read along.

Article 1: Overview of Asthma

Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions, fill in the blanks

Listen to Article 2 and then answer the questions or listen and read along.

 Article 2: Information for the Patient 

Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions, fill in the blanks

For self study:
  • verify you understand the key words for the articles.

  • try to answer the following conversation questions, speaking out loud.

- What are the main features of asthma?
- What are some triggers for asthma attacks?
- What happens in the body during an asthma attack?
- What information is important to tell the patient?
  • listen to the audio file for the disease state director and you may advance to the test questions.  Listen as many times as you need to answer the questions.

  • You can read the full articles below.

  • Go back and try answering the above conversation questions again

 

Read Article 1 and then answer the questions.

 

Article 1: Overview of Asthma 

Asthma is a disease of the lungs that is that is characterized by tightening of the air pathways. Common symptoms of asthma are wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, chest pain, tightness or pressure. Many of these conditions are reversible with medication but not 100% reversible in all patients. Some common features of asthma are inflammation, airway obstruction and airway sensitivity. Some risk factors for asthma are a family history of asthma, regular lung infections, presence of allergies, exposure to tobacco smoke, low birth weight, and being male.

The current rise in asthma cases among children is alarming. Asthma may occur at any age but is very common in children. Approximately 10% of children have asthma and that rate may rise in the future. Experts don't agree why the rate is increasing but here are some ideas:

- Children are being exposed to more triggers (things that bring on asthma attacks; dust, tobacco smoke, pollution)
- Children don't have strong immune systems (they aren't exposed to many childhood diseases.)
- Decreases in the rates of breast feeding may also play a role.

Asthma is a disease that causes many problems for the patient. However, it can be controlled. With the right information and medical attention medical professionals can prevent many deaths.

Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions, fill in the blanks

 

Read Article 2 and then answer the questions.

 

Article 2: Information for the Patient 

Asthma is a disease of the lungs that causes wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing. It can be very scary for the patient. Luckily, asthma and its effects are reversible with medication. There are a few options for asthma treatment:

- Breathing machines (or nebulizers) are machines that turn liquid medication into mist. A mask is used and treatment takes about 10-15 minutes and is given several times per day.
- Inhalers are common for older patients and medication is breathed in using a spacer.
- Syrups and other oral medications are available, but aren't useful for asthma attacks because their effects take time.

Asthma attacks are the periods when symptoms suddenly become worse. Some common triggers for these attacks are exercise, infections, dust, tobacco smoke, allergens, cold air and nervousness. Limiting exposure to these triggers may help improve quality of life. When an asthma attack occurs, take your medication according to your asthma action plan, wait 10 to 15 minutes if symptoms worsen or don't improve immediate medical attention may be necessary. Some danger signs are severe wheezing or coughing, trouble walking, and blue lips or fingernails. If any of these danger signs occur go to the emergency room or call 911.

Asthma is a lifelong disease. Some people have fewer attacks as they grow older, but most patients see a return of symptoms in their 30s and 40s. The effects of asthma attacks on the lungs can cause serious problems later in life. Proper management of asthma is very important.

Tests for Article 2: multiple choice questions, fill in the blanks


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